The ZIL-131 is part of a family of two trucks sharing identical components by ZIL, which also included the ZIL-130. Both trucks were introduced in 1967. The ZIL-131 6x6 has the same equipment as the GAZ-66 and Ural-375D. Unlike the ZIL-131, the ZIL-130 is intended for civilian use.
The ZIL-130/131 is still in production at the "AMUR" truck plant (as the AMUR 531340), with both gasoline and diesel engines.