The Convair 340 is an American twin‐engined short‐haul aircraft, created in the United States in the early 1950s by the Convair Aircraft Corporation. For its time, the aircraft had excellent characteristics and was one of the best representatives in its class, but the rapid development of aviation connection has already required the involvement of more passenger‐intensive vehicles for domestic air transportation, and therefore the Convair 340 was built only in a quantity a little more than 200 units, almost half of which were bought by the US Army for their own needs. Other aircraft during the 50s and 60s of the 20th century carried air travelers not only in the US but also in the leading airlines of the world. The operators of Convair 340 in this era were Braniﬀ, Continental, Hawaiian, Delta, Alitalia, All Nippon, Finnair, KLM, Lufthansa, and others. Airplanes of this type were used until the end of the 1960s.