On August 2, 1990, Iraqi troops invaded Kuwait resulting in a 7 month long military occupation of the country. Iraq's invasion of Kuwait was a military victory by Iraqi forces as Kuwait's defense forces were overpowered by some 88,000 Iraqi troops that resulted in the downfall of Kuwait's government led by Sheikh Jaber al-Ahmad Al-Sabah. Within 2 days, the Kuwaiti government fell and Iraq annexed Kuwait as its 19th province of Iraq by setting up a puppet government called the "Republic of Kuwait". On the same day of Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, the United Nations Security Council unanimously denounced the invasion and demanded Iraq's leadership led by Saddam Hussein to withdraw from Kuwait. However, the Iraqi regime refused to withdraw from Kuwait resulting in the United Nations Security Council to authorize the use of force led by the United States and its coalition-led military forces from 35 countries to wage war against Iraq.